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New York Criminal Records

CRIMINAL RECORDS SEARCH
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About New York Criminal Record Searches

New York Criminal Records Broken Down:
All the information listed below are detailed descriptions of the types of records accessible on this site. Open Public Records has broken down each type of conviction to help get a better understanding of what you are searching for. This includes general information of common convictions, specific information relating to the state searched, as well as links to government official sites for further information to ensure the most accurate data is provided.

New York Arrest Records and Police Records:
An arrest record is a record of the suspicion of a person with or without a conviction. Police arrest records are a list of all arrest circumstances of anyone suspected of doing something against the law. As established under New York Executive Law Article 35, the New York State Division of Criminal Justice Services (DCJS) is the primary database for criminal history records in the state of New York. The DCJS provide criminal history reports, called rap sheets, upon request. The amount of information in a report requested depends on the requestor and the reason for the application.

New York Arrest Warrants:
An arrest warrant is an official document given by an authority, from a specific state, which empowers police officials to show legal documentation to arrest an individual. If an individual has committed a minor violation of court rules a bench warrant may be issued for their arrest. In the event of a bench warrant, it is unlikely that law enforcement will devote time and resources to search for an individual as they imply less serious legal trouble than arrest warrants, which mean an individual must respond to underlying criminal charges.

New York Difference Between Misdemeanors and Felonies:
A misdemeanor is a minor offense, considered less severe than a felony. Like a felony, a misdemeanor charge is placed into a number based, legal system which then gets filed under a person's record, describing the severity of the alleged crime. This type of crime is usually punished by a fine and sometimes a small jail sentence. A felony will often stay on a criminal record, permanently, and can even be the result of a loss of civil rights. A misdemeanor in New York constitutes of any crime punishable by a minimum of 15 days jail time and a maximum of 1 year in prison and fines of $1,000. Misdemeanors are further separated into three categories: Class A, Class B, and unclassified misdemeanors. Crimes in Class A have a maximum sentence of one year in jail. Class B misdemeanors have a maximum penalty as high as 90 days in jail. A misdemeanor conviction could raise future charges from a misdemeanor to a felony. Unclassified misdemeanors are outside the penal law and are punishable by jail time or fines. Felonies in New York carry a prison sentence of over a year and are divided into Class A through E. Class A felonies are the most serious and possibly result in a life sentence. Furthermore, Class A felonies are classified into Class A-I and Class A-II. Convicted felons face severe consequences including likely losing any professional license issued by the state, losing the ability to seek any professional license, and losing voting ability.

New York Sex Offender Registry:
Persons who were convicted of committing crimes involving sex, including rape, molestation, sodomy, sexual harassment and pornography production or distribution, are placed in a registry as a sex offender. Persons on the registered sex offenders list are required by law to alert the neighborhood authorities of their current address of where they reside, in order for the information to be public knowledge. Sex offenders in New York are classified into three levels. Level 1 criminals have a low risk of re-offense, level 2 offenders have a medium chance, and level three have a high risk. The level of risk is ruled by a judge following a court hearing. Under the law, only level 2 and 3 offenders are recorded under a public directory. Offenders under level 1 are obligated to register for 20 years while offenders under level 2 and 3 for life. For more information on risk levels and designation visit http://www.criminaljustice.ny.gov/nsor/risk_levels.htm.

New York Serious Traffic Offenses:
These traffic violations can involve reckless driving behavior, willful disregard for public safety, driving while intoxicated or under the influence of substances, driving without a valid driver's license, failing to stop at the scene of an accident, driving without insurance, and a hit and run. Many of the violations involve the driver to be taken into custody and required to post a bail bond, just like other non-traffic crimes. In New York, there are three "serious" traffic violations considered non-criminal. These are unsafe lane change - VTL 1128(a), speeding 15 mph or more - VTL 1180(d), and following too closely - VTL 1129(a). The consequences of the violation level (non-criminal) traffic offenses include increased insurance rate, points, fines, and NYS DMV Driver Responsibility Assessment Surcharges, drivers license suspension, Increased Dangers and Sensitivities to CDL (commercial driver license) holders. Reckless driving is also considered a serious traffic offense; however, it is classified as a misdemeanor under New York law. Also, the state of New York has a Driver Violation Point System to identify high-risk drivers. If an individual receives 11 points in an 18 month period their driver's license may be suspended. For more information on the New York point system and violation types visit https://dmv.ny.gov/tickets/about-nys-driver-point-system.

New York Conviction Records:
Conviction records are records of past and current criminal histories on individuals, stored by legal agencies. Generally, these records document why the person was arrested, when they were arrested, the date of the conviction, what it was for and the sentence imposed. The New York State Human Rights Law protects people who have been convicted of a crime, by not allowing for discrimination of any kind towards persons with a conviction.

New York Jail and Inmate Records:
These records include details of any current or past jail time, a detailed list of any offenses the inmate was convicted of (also known as a "rap sheet"), the sentence they received, and where they served time for the crime. When locating the correct inmate, you will need to know the inmate's full name, state they are located, and their inmate correctional number. An inmate correctional number is an ID given to each inmate and is crucial to finding the correct inmate record. In New York records consist of summary cards, admission and discharge documents, and inmate case files. The majority of records are not indexed by an inmate's name, but rather their inmate identification number, which is analogous to the date an inmate was admitted into prison.

New York Parole and Probation Information/Records:
When someone is released on parole, he or she are allowed to serve the remainder of his or her time sentenced outside of jail in the community, under supervision, while probation is also supervised, this occurs before and as an alternative to jail or prison time. As long as the convicted person complies with probation conditions, they are allowed to serve their sentence out of custody. Persons on probation in the state of New York must pay a monthly fine of $30 to The New York City Department of Probation. The New York State Board of Parole makes decisions granting or denying eligible inmates serving an "intermediate sentence" parole.

New York Juvenile Criminal Records:
Juveniles, who are children and adolescents convicted of a crime, are found to be labeled as an "adjudicated delinquent." This means they are not convicted the same way an adult would, yet still have a criminal record. After becoming an adult these records can be expunged or sealed (depending on the state) but are not automatically erased, which is commonly mistaken. In New York a juvenile delinquent adjudication should automatically be sealed; however, it remains available to the criminal justice system. If an individual's JD record failed to be sealed, they should file a Sealing Motion in the Family Court in which their case was heard. If an individual is between the ages of 16-18 and convicted of a crime as an adult, they may be treated as a Youthful Offender by the judge. A YO record is not a criminal conviction and is automatically sealed with few exceptions. For certain felonies an individual ages 13-15 may be tried as a juvenile offender; however these felonies cannot be sealed.

New York Expunging Records:
The state of New York differs from some other states in that it has no laws in place to erase criminal records. Instead, New York uses the process of sealing for select cases. An individual may be eligible to apply for sealing if they have not been convicted in over 2 cases, only one of which can be a felony, and have not committed a crime for ten years.

New York Drug Crimes/Records:
Any crime related to drug distribution, use, possession or production of certain controlled substances is considered to be a drug crime. Serious drug crimes are considered felonies in New York. The different drug charges an individual can be charged with committing include but are not limited to the sale of controlled substances, drug possession, drug trafficking, marijuana charges, and narcotics charges. Many variables affect the penalties for drug charges.

New York Employer Rights to Check Criminal Records:
The New York State Human Rights Law protects individuals with past arrest records that were favorably resolved or resulted in either sealed convictions or youthful offender adjudications. In addition, the law protects individuals with prior criminal conviction records. For more information on the New York State Human Rights Law visit https://www.labor.ny.gov/careerservices/ace/employers.shtm.

New York Criminal Records Filings

Questions, Answers and Comments About New York Criminal Records

  • Q: How do I see my charges? (New York)
    By Naf
    Jun 01, 2018
    Reply:

    You can check the filings at the courthouse's records department, you will need to know which county. Court records are generally open to the public unless sealed by the judge.

    By abc123
    Jun 01, 2018

  • Q: Need help with how I can see my husbands criminal records free cause I don't have money to pay for it and I really want to know why he's in jail, cause I'm in California and have no way of getting ahold of him.
    By jolee
    Jul 30, 2016
    Reply:

    When inmates are in custody, their information is made available to the public. Many put their inmate rosters online, depending on which detention facility. The Department of Corrections and Community Supervision (DOCCS) allows open searches of their inmate population online. Click on the New York Prison and Jail Inmates link above and your landing page will be the query form.

    By abc123
    Jun 12, 2017

  • Q: How can I find a disposition and police report from an old DUI arrest that happened 40 years ago?
    By Sandra
    Feb 14, 2017
    Reply:

    Police reports are obtained from the department which made the arrest or filled out the report. You can pull up the case directly from the courthouse using their services. Police reports can be found in case/trial files, which are generally public records. Therefore, you may be able to get both with one record search. Depending on the court or county the case was in, services to obtain the case can be either easy with online resources or less convenient.

    By abc123
    May 09, 2017

  • Q: I was wondering , on average, what percentage of arrests are DUI arrest? I'm doing a project regarding the actuality of New York being the top state for binge drinking and it would be a huge help.
    By Highschool
    May 24, 2016
    Reply:

    The data can be found at DCJS, Computerized Criminal History system (as of 1/21/2016) For example: DWI for Albany from 2006 to 2015 is: 149 163 134 156 176 152 157 138 135 150, these are the felony dwi by individual year, the misdemeanors reports are separate (2006 to 2015): 1,532, 1,365, 1,266, 1,279, 1,149, 1,003, 932, 911, 953, 1,169 (for each year). There are many other statistics broken down into different categories, generally by county and crime type. Go to the Division of Criminal Justice Services' website, from there you'll see a tab on top "Statistics". from there, you will see the different categories of recorded crimes.

    By admn1
    Jun 16, 2016

  • Q: Do I have a active warrant for my arrest?
    By carmalo
    Mar 26, 2016
    Reply:

    There are different types of warrants. They are generally issued by the courts/judges, often for failing to appear at trial. Other reasons can be for failing to complete or prove community service, to pay a fine, to make an appearance on a case that's already proceeding or appear to begin serving their sentence. With civil cases, a warrant can be issued when a person failed to comply with a summons for jury duty or court order. In certain cases, the warrant search can be looked up online, it will be much easier to know which county/court. Onondaga is an example of a county warrant search that is open and online.

    By adm
    Mar 31, 2016

  • Q: Where should I go to check the criminal record for somebody else
    By kk
    Jul 01, 2015
    Reply:

    Start out by looking into all addresses that appear under the individual's name, this will give you and idea if the person lived in other states/counties. Once you have a list (as complete as possible), all the counties/areas the person lived in, you're ready to look up their court records. Doing your own search is not too difficult, just time consuming. However, there are many more resources online now than before. New York state's e court services listed on the net will give you the option to search for criminal records. Once you enter this webpage, you will need to enter security characters and then you can begin to search for free by party name. You don't need to know the full first name, only the first two characters. Results will show defendant information, incident and arrest, attorney information, next/past appearances, motions and docket sentence.

    By adm
    Dec 11, 2015

  • Q: How can I find out if I'm prohibited from working because of my arrest background?
    By sarah
    Oct 27, 2015
    Reply:

    Arrests alone shouldn’t appear on general background checks which search criminal court records. Arrests do not always result in convictions, charges, going to court or having any other records thereafter. Arrest reports are often requested by a defense attorney, DA’s office, or others related to the case. To see what it takes to obtain an arrest report, you can simply go to the arresting department’s website and see the policy/qualifications followed for their request. You can conduct a search of yourself using the same background check source employers are likely to use. The state of New York lets you conduct a criminal background check through their Division of Criminal Justice Services (DCJS). You can request a "personal record review" which will show dismissed cases, violations or infractions, substance abuse convictions, youthful offender adjudications and more. This search shows what is out there more than your average background check used by employers. You can read more about it to find out what others can view by viewing the state's website's Personal Record Review Program page. However, this is usually true using background check services, there are other ways of looking up arrests that are out there online. Some sites freely show arrests they have obtained from jail rosters from many law enforcement agencies, including local departments. As individual law enforcement agencies show arrestees in efforts to help the public, private sites will pick up that information and republish it on their own sites. This makes finding the record easier for someone not as savvy with online searches or one that will access the police site directly. The same can go for newspapers which list the most recent arrests. These arrests can remain searchable for as long as the publication can be viewed.

    By a1
    Nov 03, 2015

New York Free Arrest Records

Published current arrests, charges and information released by law enforcement and news

  • From the files of OCSD
    September 21, 2018
  • COURT Deborah M. Willson, 49, of Saratoga Springs, pleaded Sept. 13 to attempted criminal possession fo a controlled substance. Sentencing Jan. 10, 2019. Kathleen M. Callahan, 57, of Saratoga Springs, pleaded Sept. 13 to felony grand larceny. Sentencing scheduled Nov. 8. Nicholas M. Hall, 21, of Ballston Spa, pleaded Sept. 12 to use of a child in a sexual performance, a felony, in connection with an incident that took place in Saratoga Springs. Sentencing scheduled Nov. 7.
    September 20, 2018
  • From the files of OPD
    September 20, 2018
  • September 20, 2018
  • September 19, 2018
  • Former Granby animal control officer arrested for animal cruelty State Police arrested Samantha J. Rizzo, 46, OF 64 Country Lane, Fulton, for animal cruelty (Agriculture and Markets Law § 353), a class A misdemeanor. On June 8, 2018, State Police responded to an animal abuse case in the town of Hannibal. The complainant advised patrol
    September 19, 2018

New York Recent Criminal Activity Reports

Current crimes by location, description of offenses and reported police activity

New York Latest Crime Records (Updated 09/23/2018)

  • Total Violent Crime:
    75,398
  • Murder And Nonnegligent Manslaughter:
    617
  • Rape:
    5,433
  • Robbery:
    24,045
  • Aggravated Assault:
    45,303
  • Total Property Crime:
    339,282
  • Burglary:
    50,781
  • Larceny Theft:
    272,765
  • Motor Vehicle Theft:
    15,736
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